*** This problem has been fixed on Steam. ***
This is a problem which was caused by several of the latest Java versions. "The Breakout" was created with Java back in 2007 and lived through a lot of Java updates and changes. It suffered especially under the Java 8 update.
This problem is related to Java incompatibility, too. Since we know that there are several Java 7 versions which work for the game, you can try to downgrade and try to find a version which works.
With some Java 8 versions the window mode of the game should work, though. You can go down with the resolution of your monitor, which will make the window of the game bigger.
This crash only occurs when you are playing the game in English. In this case, please switch the language to German for this puzzle and change back afterwards.
Kartoffeln = potatoes
Getreideschrot Klöße = wheat bran dumplings
Brei = mash
Hähnchen = chicken
Mokkapudding = mocha pudding
Bienenmann = Bee Man